Herbert Kretzmer, the journalist and lyricist best known for his English-language adaptation of the musical Les Miserables, has died. He was 95.
His family confirmed on Wednesday (Oct 14) that Kretzmer died after a long illness with Parkinson's disease at the London home he shared with his second wife, Sybil Sever.
Tributes poured in from giants of the London stage, including theatrical producer Cameron Mackintosh, singer Elaine Paige and lyricist Tim Rice.
Les Miserables producer Mackintosh said Kretzmer was instrumental in bringing Victor Hugo's classic tale of defiance and redemption in early 19th century France to the stage in English in October 1985, five years after it had opened in Paris.
"His wonderful words for Les Misérables will live on in his memory forever more," he said in a statement.
For Paige, he was a "masterful wordsmith" while Rice described Kretzmer a "great lyricist and man of theatre" and a "giant of his trade."
Kretzmer, known as Herbie to his friends, was born in Kroonstad, a small town south of Johannesburg, South Africa, in October 1925. He was one of four sons of Jewish-Lithuanian immigrants who ran a grocery shop and later a prosperous furniture store.
Though his childhood under the vast expanse of South African sky was "blissful," he wanted by the age of 11 to become a "newspaper man" – so he could get closer to his heroes on screen.
From Johannesburg, he moved to Paris in 1953, playing the piano by night in a bar in return for a meal. A year later, he moved to London and fulfilled his dream of being at the heart of the movie action, in an award-winning journalistic career that included stints at the Daily Express and Daily Mail.
His catalogue of interviews reads like a Who's Who? of 20th century entertainment, including Muhammad Ali, Judy Garland, Groucho Marx, David Niven and Frank Sinatra. Some interviewees, like Peter Sellers and Terence Stamp, became close friends.
The music was never far away though. He wrote weekly songs in the 1960s for That Was The Week That Was, the BBC's ground-breaking satirical show that proved the launchpad for the careers of luminaries in the world of television over subsequent decades, such as John Cleese and David Frost.
Some songs were humorous, such as Goodness Gracious Me, others more poignant, notably In the Summer Of His Years, a tribute to President John F Kennedy that was written hours after his assassination on Nov. 22, 1963.
There were further songs, including She, which he wrote with French singer Charles Aznavour and which topped the UK Singles Charts for a month in 1974. He explained decades later that it was about a British woman with whom he had recently broken up following a year-long affair.
But the really big time never quite came. Until a young British producer by the name of Cameron Mackintosh invited Kretzmer to tea in June 1984 and his life changed.
Though the expanded English version of Les Miserables – it was never Les Mis for Kretzmer – had mixed reviews at the start, it would soon become one of the biggest successes of 20th century theatre.
Were it not for the coronavirus pandemic, it'd still be running in London, testament to the enduring popularity of the story as well as the songs, such as I Dreamed A Dream, One Day More and Do You Hear The People Sing?.
Add Suddenly to that list, the song he wrote for the 2012 blockbuster ﬁlm version that earned him at the age of 87 an Academy Award nomination.
Kretzmer has been appointed Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters in France and an Officer of the Order of British Empire.